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What is Influenza?
The flu (or common flu) is a viral infection that is spread from person to person in secretions of the nose and lungs, for example when sneezing. Medically, the common flu is referred to as influenza. Flu is a respiratory infection, that is, an infection that develops primarily in the lungs. Influenza usually causes higher fever, more malaise, and severe body aches than other respiratory infections. 

Types Of Influenza
Influenza viruses are divided scientifically into three types, designated A, B, and C. Influenza types A and B are responsible for epidemics of respiratory illness that occur almost every winter. Influenza type C usually causes either a very mild respiratory illness or no symptoms at all; it does not cause epidemics and does not have the severe public-health impact of influenza types A and B. 

The Vaccination
Flu vaccine is an inactivated vaccine, meaning that it contains killed influenza virus. The killed influenza virus is injected into muscles or skin and stimulates the immune system to produce an immune response (antibodies) to the influenza virus.
Influenza vaccination is safe for anyone 6 months of age and older. It protects you and those around you from the flu and its complications. Babies and children 6 months to 9 years of age who have never had a flu shot will need 2 doses of the vaccine, given at least 4 weeks apart. Children who had one or more doses of the regular seasonal flu shot in the past will only need one dose per year.

Newborn babies have weak immune systems. They can be prone to infections very easily since their defense system are not developed. Fortunately, they also respond very quickly to antibiotics, if the infection is caught in time. When newborns get sick, they may need to be put in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) to recover. 

Causes Of Infections
Most infections in newborn babies are caused by bacteria, and some by viruses. A mother’s birth canal contains bacteria, especially if she has an active infection. During childbirth, the baby can swallow or breathe in the fluid in the birth canal, and bacteria or viruses can get into his body. The baby can become sick during childbirth or within the first few days after birth. The sooner the infection is found and cured, the better and happier.

Symptoms Of Infections
Symptoms for the infection in a newborn baby include: 
  • irregular temperature below 36.6 degrees C or above 38.0 degrees C 
  • poor feeding and difficulty waking to feed
  • excessive sleepiness
  • irritability
  • rapid breathing at a rate over 60 breaths per minute
  • change in behavior

Diagnosis and Treatment For Infections
To diagnose these infections a varied range of tests that include Blood tests, urine tests, X-Rays and more are taken. 
Special care is needed for them. Vaccinations, medicines and sometimes surgical interventions are also needed to cure them and to bring back a happier baby.

What is Kawasaki Disease?
Kawasaki disease is a rare childhood illness that affects the blood vessels. Kawasaki disease is an acute febrile vasculitis syndrome of early childhood that, although it can be cured with treatment, can lead to death from coronary artery aneurysm (CAA) in a very small percentage of patients if not diagnosed early. The disease is most common in children up to ages 5 years and is less common in children older than age 8. It is not contagious.

Symptoms Of Kawasaki Disease
Kawasaki disease produces prolonged fever along with various other symptoms that includes the following:
  • A fever lasting at least 5 days.
  • Red eyes.
  • Rashes on stomach, chest and genitals
  • Swollen, red, cracked lips.
  • Swollen tongue with small bumps (called strawberry tongue)
  • Swollen, red feet and hands.
  • Swollen lymph nodes in the neck.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Kawasaki Disease
If a patient has 4 or more of the above symptoms, Kawasaki disease can be diagnosed on day 4 of the fever. Two urine proteins, Meprin A and Filamin C , have shown to be the diagnosing needs of Kawasaki disease. 
Echocardiography (ECG) is the study of choice to evaluate for coronary artery aneurysms. Several ECGs have to be taken to keep a track on the treatment and the progress of the patient and to avoid complications, since it is related to heart and its arteries.

What is Cervical Cancer?
Cervical cancer is cancer that starts in the cervix, the narrow opening into the uterus from the vagina. Cervical cancer occurs when abnormal cells on the cervix grow out of control. Cervical cancer can often be successfully treated when it's found early. It is usually found at a very early stage through a Pap test.

Causes Of Cervical Cancer
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is found in about 99% of cervical cancers. High-risk HPV types may cause cervical cell abnormalities or cancer. HPV infection is spread through sexual contact or skin-to-skin contact. The infection typically resolves on its own. In some women, the HPV infection persists and causes precancerous changes in the cells of the cervix. 

Symptoms Of Cervical Cancer
Symptoms of Cervical cancer include abnormal bleeding i.e., bleeding between periods, bleeding after sexual intercourse and bleeding after menopause, vaginal discharge (thick or watery with a foul smell), pelvic pain not related to menstrual cycle, pain during sexual intercourse, Pain during urination and increased urination frequency.

Diagnosis Of Cervical Cancer
As part of a pelvic exam, you should have a Pap test. During a Pap test, the doctor scrapes a small sample of cells from the surface of the cervix to look for cell changes. If a Pap test shows abnormal cell changes, a Colposcopy procedure is then performed. Colposcopy uses a lighted microscope to examine the external surface of the cervix during a pelvic examination. If abnormal areas are noted, a small tissue sample (biopsy) is taken for examination to find precancerous cells.